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Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

Note: There are no submission, page, or publication charges for authors.

The Journal of Student Science and Technology is a PhD peer-reviewed journal that focuses on supporting youth publication, and accepts original research articles, literature reviews and research proposals for publication from university and high school students internationally. The instructions for original research article and literature review submissions are described in detail below. Please read them carefully and take a look at the templates provided for guidance.  We cannot accept manuscripts that contain proprietary information or that have been previously published.

Format

All text, including titles and headings, should be in 12 pt Times New Roman. Headings should be bolded and subheadings should be italicized.

Original Research Articles

Original research articles are advised to include the following sections in the given order:

Abstract

The abstract should be a summary of the rest of the article.  The abstract must contain enough information to give the reader a clear understanding of the study’s purpose and findings without being redundant. The conclusions of the article should be stated in the abstract. The abstract should not contain any in-text citations. The advised word length of the abstract is 250-300 words.

Introduction

The introduction should provide necessary background knowledge and a clear description of how unanswered questions from existing literature are connected to the research purpose and hypothesis. This section should not discuss research results or interpretations, but should frame the motivations for conducting the research. All jargon or terms used within the text must be defined. The advised word length is 500-600 words.

Materials and Methods

This section should provide a clear and concise description of procedures that would enable reproducibility. This section may be split into subheadings corresponding to individual techniques. For instance, an author may have one subheading describing molecular cloning of a plasmid, and another subheading describing how it was transfected into cells grown in a tissue culture. No results should be discussed in this section. The advised word length is 400 words.   

Results  

This section should provide the reader with the experimental results. The results should be communicated either in a well-connected main text or under relevant subheadings. It should provide readers with the outcomes of each experiment without any introduction of bias. This section is not meant to be a discussion or interpretation of the work, just a presentation of it. Analysis of results is reserved for the discussion section. The advised word length is 600-700 words.

Discussion

This section should elaborate on the data presented in the results section. It should include an interpretation of data and a presentation of the author’s opinions in relation to the article’s hypothesis. It is also appropriate to introduce speculation of potential scientific phenomena (such as the interaction of two proteins) in order to link the experiments presented in the results section together. The discussion should also include commentary on any errors or limitations present in the research, as well as a critical analysis of the experimental procedures used. Maximum length is 750 words.

Conclusion

The conclusion should reveal the most significant research findings along with an explanation of their applicability and novelty. This section should briefly discuss the next directions proposed for future research. What else needs to be done to answer important questions in the field? How can these questions be addressed? Why are these questions important? Use this section to discuss these themes. Maximum length is 300 words.

Abbreviations

In a two-column table, all abbreviations used should be presented in the manuscript along with their corresponding full form. One column should be labelled “Abbreviation” and the other as “Full Form”.

Key Words

This section should highlight words or terms that are integral to the manuscript and can be used to “tag” it. Key words are often what lead readers to a paper. They should be chosen wisely (no more than 5) and formatted in this manner:
Keyword 1; Keyword 2; Keyword 3; Keyword 4; Keyword 5

Acknowledgements

In this section, credit should be given to all parties involved in the manuscript production. If the manuscript has multiple authors, the contribution of each author should be briefly described. Furthermore, if the work was completed in a laboratory at an academic institution, acknowledgement to the principal investigator, and support staff, as well as the department/institute at which the work was conducted, should be provided. If the student is a part of the FSST’s Online Research Co-operative Eduaction Program, they must thank their mentor.

References      

All references should be provided in ACS format in the order in which they appear in the manuscript. In-text referencing is required. The JSST encourages authors to draw from and reference primary research articles and review papers in peer-reviewed scientific journals wherever possible. Some important things to note:

  • All authors’ names in the reference should be listed unless there is more than ten authors, in which case the first name followed by “et al” should be used.                
  • The correct abbreviation of the journal title should be presented in italics. The relevant abbreviations should be found on the journal website. If they cannot be found, the full journal name should be used.     
  • References should have a hanging indent, where all lines are indented with the exception of the first.
  • In-text citations do NOT carry over from previous sentences in ACS referencing style so each sentence that contains information from another source needs an in-text citation

Literature Reviews

If the paper is in the form of a literature review, its structure should still follow the previous guide with a few adjustments:

  • The abstract should state that the work is a literature review.
  • Material and methods section must be included if your literature review involved a specific database or comparison method
  • Several subheadings may be inserted within the introduction and discussion sections.
  • The results section should discuss what each reviewed articles states, while the discussion section should make comparisons between the articles.

Research Proposals

If the paper is in the form of a research proposal, its structure should still follow the previous original research article guide with a few adjustments:

  • The abstract should state that the work is a research proposal, and include a brief summary of research findings and the author’s respective interpretations.
  • The introduction should include a brief literature review of the topic at hand as rationale for the research question explored (Note: Material and Methods section should not follow the Literature Review guidelines). Do not include results or conclusions in this section.
  • In the introduction, provide a hypothesis and discuss its significance.
  • In the body paragraphs of the article, provide the rationale for the research question. Refer back to the research used in the literature review and relate it to the proposed research question.
  • Material and Methods section should be full description of a general research design and the related methods and instrumentation used for the research question. The methodology should be sufficiently detailed to ensure reproducibility. If following a methodological approach developed by others, cite the relevant studies. Provide diagrams, charts, and illustrations as appropriate. For example, a diagram of the experimental setup may be provided.
  • Discussion section should be divided into subheadings with grouped ideas, including overall results and findings. Any novel ideas or interactions discovered should be mentioned. The data presented should be analyzed for its potential significance related to the proposed research question.
  • Conclusion section does not need to include future directions of the work, but instead a conclusion section of similar word count to summarize the article.

ACS Referencing Guidelines

Scientific Journal Article- Accessed Online:  

Format: Last name, First Initial. Title. Journal Title [online] Year published, Issue, Page numbers. Website URL or DOI (Date accessed).

Example:                    

  • Newton, I; Nye, B; Sagan, C. How to Cite ACS According to the FSST. Journal of Student Science and Technology [online] 2015, 8, 134-139. journal.fsst.ca/fake_issue8. (Accessed Dec 22, 2015).                

Scientific Journal Article- Accessed in Print:      

Format: Last name, First Initial. Title. Journal Title Year published, Issue, Page numbers.

Example:                   

  • Newton, I; Nye, B; Sagan, C. How to Cite ACS According to the FSST. Journal of Student Science and Technology 2015, 8, 134-139.            

Book In Print:                   

Format: Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Chapter Title. Book Title, Edition Number; Series Information (if any); Publisher: Place of Publication, Year; Volume Number, Pagination

Example:

  • Newton, I; Nye, B; Sagan, C. Chapter 1: The Importance of Proper Citations. ACS Citation Guide, 2nd edition; FSST Publishing: Ottawa, Canada, 2015; Volume 1, pg 4-13.   

Institutional Websites:                   

Format: Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Document, Year. Title of Site. URL (accessed Month Day, Year).

Example:               

  • Newton, I; Nye B; Sagan, C. Proper Citations Lead to a Better Publications. 2015. Foundation for Student Science and Technology. journal.fsst.ca/fake_issue8. (accessed Dec 22, 2015)

Articles from Online Databases:               

Format: Author 1; Author 2; Author 3; etc. Title of Article. Journal Abbreviation [online] Year, Volume, Article Number or other identifying information. Database Provider. URL (accessed Month Day, Year).

Example:               

  • Newton, I; Nye B; Sagan, C. Proper Citations Lead to a Better Publications. JSST [online] 2015, 3, 12. Foundation for Student Science and Technology Database. Jounal.fsst.ca/fake_database. (accessed Dec 22, 2015)

Commercial Software and Databases:               

Format: Program Title, version or edition; comments; Publisher: Place of Publication, Year.

Example:

  • FSST Citation-ware, Version 6; software for computation; Foundation for Student Science and Technology: Ottawa, ON, 2015.    

In-Text Citations:               

The official ACS style has three methods of in-text citations, however the Journal for Student Science and Technology uses the (Name, Date) method of in-text citations.    
One Author: Last name, Initial. (Newton, 2015)                    
Two Authors: (Newton and Nye, 2015)
More than Two Authors: (Newton et al. 2015)  

Tables and Figures

All tables and figures must be submitted in a separate document file rather than embedded in the manuscript. Each individual figure must be succeeded by a caption that briefly describes its content, even if this information is redundant in the text. Table captions should precede the table.

Figure captions must be underneath the picture and in the following format:

Figure #- Title: Description of figure.

Figures and tables should be numbered and referenced in the text of the main manuscript. References should be indicated by the figure number in parentheses at the end of the relevant sentence. i.e. (Figure 1).

All figures should be created by the author(s) or under Creative Commons license (ie. work is free to be published, altered, edited, etc.) and if they are adapted from a previously published figure credit must be given to the original author.

When providing imaging data (microscopy images, gels, blots, etc.), it is permissible to adjust contrast levels and brightness so as not to obscure any information within the image while increasing its quality. Modifying images, electronically or otherwise, to mask or alter presented data is a serious breach of research ethics and may negatively affect an author’s ability to be published in the JSST.

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines:

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses)
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.
  6. In the comment section upon submission through the OJS system, please state if you are part of any FSST-associated program (Online Research Co-op, SMP, DRSA, HHSBursary etc.)

Copyright Notice

The manuscript should be accompanied by a completed, signed, and scanned copy of the Authorship-Copyright Form. It should be noted that if the research was conducted in an established laboratory, you should have explicit permission from your supervisor/research group to publish the results included in the submitted article.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party. To see a copy of the Foundation's Privacy Policy please click here.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
 

Copyright Notice

The manuscript should be accompanied by a completed, signed, and scanned copy of the Authorship-Copyright Form.

 

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

 

To see a copy of the Foundation's Privacy Policy please click here.