The Adverse Effects Government Initiatives Have on Aboriginal Food Insecurity

Chinonso Ekeanyanwu

Abstract


This research paper focuses on the attempts of the Canadian government to deal with food scarcity in the Indigenous community. Despite the many efforts of the government to make amends with the Indigenous population, they have some of the highest rates of poverty demographically in Canada. Food scarcity is a major topic when talking about Indigenous people because many live in areas where there is no access to healthy affordable food. Many do not have access to traditional food and are unable to exercise their right as Indigenous people to fish and hunt. Within this paper, three pertinent examples are explored: first, the lack of regard for Indigenous food sovereignty; second, the issue of fishing legislations; finally, food security initiatives in the North. Far from meaningfully, addressing food insecurity, nutritional programs designed by the federal government have often exacerbated the issue. This is likely due to the lack of involvement from the Indigenous community and their leaders in decision-making. By incorporating the Indigenous community, food security laws and programs made for Indigenous people have the potential to actually have a positive impact on the Indigenous community.

Ce document de recherche se concentre sur les efforts du gouvernement canadien d’affronter la pénurie alimentaire dans la communauté autochtone. Malgré les nombreux efforts déployés par le gouvernement pour aider la population autochtone, leur niveau de pauvreté est parmi les plus élevés au Canada. La pénurie alimentaire est un problème majeur en ce qui concerne les Autochtones, car beaucoup d’entre eux vivent dans des zones qui n’ont pas accès à des aliments sains et abordables. Beaucoup n’ont pas accès à la nourriture traditionnelle et sont incapables d’exercer leur droit en tant que peuple indigène de pêcher et de chasser. Dans ce document, trois exemples pertinents sont explorés: premièrement, le manque de respect pour la souveraineté alimentaire indigène; deuxièmement, le problème des législations de pêche; et en fin, les initiatives de sécurité alimentaire au Nord. Pour tenter de remédier à l’insécurité alimentaire, les programmes nutritionnels conçus par le gouvernement fédéral ont souvent exacerbé la question. Cela est probablement dû au manque d’implication de la communauté autochtone et de ses dirigeants dans la prise de décision concernant ces programmes. En incorporant la communauté autochtone dans la discussion entourant les lois et les programmes de sécurité alimentaire, ils ont le potentiel d’avoir un impact réel et positif sur la communauté indigene. 


Keywords


Indigenous populations; Food Security; Food Legislations; Food Sovereignty; Canada.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13034/jsst.v10i1.186

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