How Does Caffeine Supplementation Affect Muscular Performance in Adolescent Males?

Jamaal Stewart

Abstract


Caffeine consumption has become increasingly popular among children, adolescents, and young adults around the world 15. Many consumers indicate that they ingest caffeinated beverages to increase their energy and compensate for insufficient sleep. The most common forms of supplementation include coffee, soda and energy drinks such as “Monster Energy” and “Red Bull”. Increased caffeinated beverage consumption, especially among youth, is controversial due to concerns surrounding the safety and effectiveness of caffeine supplementation. Caffeinated products are often marketed as enhancing physical performance; This review investigates the efficacy of caffeine supplementation on muscular performance, specifically in terms of muscle strength and endurance. The results demonstrate a variable response to caffeine, with multiple studies demonstrating an increase in muscular strength or endurance, while others showed no effect. Overall, studies lacked consistent evidence to support the hypothesis that caffeine supplementation has beneficial effects on muscular performance, regardless of the dose administered.

La consomption du caféine est devenue très populaire parmi les enfants, les adolescents, et les adultes autour du monde. Plusieurs consommateurs indiquent qu'ils boivent les boissons raffinés comme source d'énergie ou pour remplacer le manque de sommeil. Les formes de caféine plus communes incluent le café, le soda, et les boissons d'énergie comme “Monster Energy” et “Red Bull”. L'augmentation des boissons cafféinés, particulièrement parmi les jeunes, est en controverse au sujet de l'efficace et sécurité de sa consomption. On voit souvent les avertissements des produits cafféinés  comme les compléments actifs. Dans cette revue, j'ai examiné l'efficace de caféine comme complément actif pour la performance musculaire, particulièrement au sujet de la puissance et endurance. Les résultats démontrent une réponse variée au caféine ou quelques sujets ont obtenu une amélioration en leur puissance et endurance musculaire, mais autres sujets n'ont pas démontré des changements. En général, les recherches manquent l'évidence cohérent pour appuyer l'hypothèse que la consomption du caféine produit les effets avantageux au sujet de la performance musculaire, peu importe le dosage utilisé.


Keywords


caffeine; coffee;

Full Text:

PDF

References


Author not specified. Documents Link More Deaths to Energy Drinks. Centre for Science in the Public Interest. [Online] 2014

Andrea M. Spaeth; Namni Goel; David F. Dinges. Cumulative neurobehavioral and physiological effects of chronic caffeine intake: individual differences and implications for the use of caffeinated energy products. Nutrition Reviews. [Online] 2014, 72, 34-47

Astorino, T.A.; Rohmann, R.L.; Firth, K. Effect of caffeine ingestion on one-repetition maximum muscular strength. Fur J Appl Physiol. [Online] 2008, 102, 127-132

Ferreira, S.E.; Tulio de Mello, M.; Pompeia, S.; Oliveria de Souza-Formigoni, M.L. Effects of energy drink ingestion on alcohol intoxication. Alcohol Clin Exp, [Online] 2006, 30, 598-605

Gallo-Salazar, C.; Areces, F.; Abián-Vicén, J; Lara, B.; Salinero, J.J.; Gonzalez-Millán, C.; Portillo, J.; Muñoz, V.; Juarez, D.; Del Coso, J. Enhancing physical performance in elite junior tennis players with a caffeinated energy drink. Int J Sports Physiol Perform, [Online] 2014, 10, 305

Glaister, M.; Patterson, S.D.; Foley, P.; Pedlar, C.R.; Pattison, J.R.; McInnes, G. Caffeine and sprinting performance: dose responses and efficacy. J Strength Cond Res., [Online] 2012, 26, 1001-1005

Joseph F. Clark. Creatine and Phosphocreatine: A Review of Their Use in Exercise and Sport. J Athl Train, [Online] 1997, 32, 45-51

Judith A. Owens; Jodi Mindell; Alison Baylor. Effect of energy drink and caffeinated beverage consumption on sleep, mood, and performance in children and adolescents. Nutrition Reviews, [Online] 2014, 72, 65-71

Kendall, K.L.; Moon, J.R.; Fairman, C.M.; Spradley, B.D.; Tai, C.Y.; Falcone, P.H.; Carson, L.R.; Mosman, M.M.; Joy, J.M.; Kim, M.P.; Serrano, E.R.; Esposito, E.N. Ingesting a preworkout supplement containing caffeine, creatine, β-alanine, amino acids, and B vitamins for 28 days is both safe and efficacious in recreationally active men. Nutr Res., 2014, 5, 442-449

Michael J. Duncan; Mike Smith; Kathryn Cook; Rob S. James. The acute effect of a caffeine-containing energy drink on mood state, readiness to invest effort, and resistance exercise to failure. J Strength Cond Res., [Online] 2012, 10, 2858-2865

Negro, M.; Giardina, S.; Marzani, B; Marzatico, F. Branched-chain amino acid supplementation does not enhance athletic performance but affects muscle recovery and the immune system. J Sports Med Phys Fitness, [Online] 2008, 3, 347-351

Nicole Larson; Melissa N. Laska; Mary Story; Dianne Neumark-Sztainer. Sports and energy drink consumption are linked to health risk behaviours in young adults. Public Health Nutrition, [Online] 2014, 46, 172

Ricardo Mora-Rodriguez; Jesus G Pallares. Performance outcomes and unwanted side effects associated with energy drinks. Nutrition Reviews, [Online] 2014, 72, 108-120

Rodney A. Rhoades; David R. Bell. Medical Physiology: Principles for Clinical Medicine. 3, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins: United States, 2012, 42-46

Sara M. Seifert, B.S.; Judith L. Schaechter, M.D.; Eugene R. Hershorin, M.D.; Steven E. Lipshultz, M. Health Effects of Energy Drinks on Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults. Pediatrics, [Online] 2012, 3, 511-528

Thombs, D.L.; O’Mara, R.J.; Tsukamoto, M; Rossheim, M.E.; Weiler, R.M.; Merves, M.L.; Goldberger, B.A. Event-level analyses of energy drink consumption and alcohol intoxication in bar patrons, Addictive Behaviors, [Online] 2010, 35, 325-330

Vandewalle, H.; Peres, G.; Monod, H. Standard Anaerobic Exercise Tests. Sports Med, [Online] 1987, 4, 268-289

Waguih William Ishak; Chio Ugochukwu; Kara Bagot; David Khalili; Christine Zaky. Energy Drinks: Psychological Effects and Impact on Well-being and Quality of Life—A Literature Review. Innov Clin Neurosci, [Online] 2012, 1, 25-34

Woolf, K.;, Bidwell, W.K.; Carlson, A.G. The effect of caffeine as an ergogenic aid in anaerobic exercise. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab, [Online] 2008, 5, 1363-1369

Barone, J.J.; Roberts, H.R. Caffeine consumption. Food Chem Toxicol, [Online] 1996, 34, 119-129




DOI: https://doi.org/10.13034/jsst.v8i2.75

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Journal of Student Science and Technology