Revolutionizing Cancer Therapeutics: Molecular Pathways and Techniques in Cancer Immunotherapy

Bea Co

Abstract


Contrary to conventional cancer therapies, immunotherapy manipulates an individual’s body cells to fight cancer, enhancing the active and dynamic immune interactions between the tumour and host. Cancer immunotherapy provides evidence of success through a variety of treatment approaches. Utilizing T-cells and antibodies, immunotherapy strategies such as T-cell engaging bodies, checkpoint inhibitors and engineered T-cells have significantly increased the chance of survival for many cancer patients. The combinations of these immunotherapies have also granted greater success in the elimination of tumour cells. Immunotherapy breakthroughs have the potential to have a lasting impact on cancer treatment. This literature review sheds light on the importance in further research for cancer immunotherapy and a glimpse at all of its powerful results.

Contrairement aux méthodes conventionnelles de traitement anti-cancereux, l’immunothérapie manipule les cellules somatiques d’un patient pour battre contre le cancer, améliorant les interactions immunitaires actives et dynamiques entre la tumeur et l’hôte. Par une variété de méthodes de traitement, il y a une abondance de preuve qui montre le succès exceptionnel dans l’utilisation de l’immunothérapie contre le cancer. Les stratégies immunothérapeutiques, par exemple l’utilisation des anticorps bispécifiques qui engagent les cellules T, des inhibiteurs de checkpoint et les cellules T ingénierées, ont augmenté considérablement la chance de survie pour beaucoup de patients frappés par le cancer. Les combinaisons de ces immunothérapies ont aussi permis des grands succès avec l’élimination des cellules cancéreux. L’immunothérapie a mené à des nombreuses percées qui vont avoir un impact durable sur le traitement de cancer. Elle fournit continuellement des nouvelles découvertes qui ont déjà commencées de révolutionner les thérapies de cancer. Cette revue littéraire éclaircit l’importance de la continuation des recherches concernant l’immunothérapie pout le cancer et donne aussi un aperçu de tous ses résultats puissants. 


Keywords


Cancer; Immunotherapy; T-Cells

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13034/jsst.v10i1.116

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